CELTIC MUSIC


UNITED KINGDOM:
The United Kingdom is what is considered to be Celtic.

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The below video is Danny Boy sung by Celtic Woman. For information on Celtic Woman scroll to the bottom of this page.



The terms Celtic or Celts are often used very loosely. Generally Celts (Or Celtic people) refers to people in Northern Europe who spoke Celtic languages. Celtic languages include Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Welsh among others. Celtic refers to the Celts.


Instruments found in Celtic music include:

The Fiddle:
Fiddle refers to any kind of string instrument similar to a violin.

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The Flute and Tin Whistle:
Flute generally refers to the Western concert woodwind instrument but can also refer to the Native American wooden flute, the Japanese bamboo flute or many other kinds of flutes.

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The Tin Whistle is a smaller woodwind instrument made of tin. Tin Whistle has six holes and is quite a bit simpler than the flute.
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Bombarde:
A Bombarde is a wind instrument that is a cross between an oboe and a conical-bored pipe chanter, which is the melody part of the bagpipe.

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The Uilleann Pipes:
Pronounced: oo lee en
The Uilleann Pipes are very similar to bagpipes. One of the main differences is that the Uilleann Pipes are sweeter in tone and have a fuller range in notes.





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The Harp:

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The Accordion and Concertina:
An accordion has buttons on both ends as does a concertina. An accordion can generally produce a chord with each button whereas a concertina can only produce one note with each button.

Concertina
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Accordion
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The Banjo

The banjo is a stringed instrument that is smaller than a guitar. It was developed by enslaved Africans in the United States.

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The Guitar:
The guitar is a string instrument that generally has six strings but four, seven, eight, ten and twelve stringed instruments exist.

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The Bouzouki:
Pronounced: ba zoo ki
The Bouzouki is a stringed instruments with a pear-shaped body and a very long neck. It is very similar to the mandolin.

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The Bodhran:
Pronounced: bo dran
The Bodhran is an Irish frame drum ranging from 10-26 inches in diameter. The surface is traditionally made of goatskin.

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The Harmonica:
The Harmonica is a wind instrument without reeds.

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The Clarinet:
The Clarinet is a woodwind instrument with a reed.

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Bagpipes:
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Pibgorn:
A pibgorn is a reed instrument. The reed is very similar to that of the bagpipes. A pbgorn has six finger holes plus one for octave changes. Pibgorns are made of wood and bone.

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Crwth:
Pronounced: Crooth
A crwth is an archaic stringed instrument most common in Welsh music. Crwth is also known as a rote. A Crwth is played with a bow, like a violin.
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The below youtube video is "Orinoco Flow" sung by Celtic Woman. Celtic Woman is a group of female singers consisting of Deirdre Shannon, Lisa Kelly, Alex Sharpe, Lynn Hilary, Hayley Westenra, Máiréad Nesbitt, Chloë Agnew, Órlagh Fallon and Méav Ní Mhaolchatha. "Orinoco Flow" was originally written by Enya.



Irish Dancing:

This is the theme song of Riverdance called "Riverdance".

Riverdance - Bill Whelan
This is a video of Riverdance:
Riverdance was originally performed by Jean Butler as the female star, Michael Flatley as the male star and the Celtic group
Anúna. The score (music) was written by Bill Whelan. Michael Flatley did his own choreography and Jean Butler did both hers and the troupe's choreography. Riverdance was originally performed at the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest on April 30th.


Landscape and Interesting Facts:


Ireland:
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The name Ireland derives from Ériu with the addition of the word land to the end.

Ireland is the third largest island in Europe. Ireland is a divided country. The northern part of Ireland known as Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom while the Republic of Ireland is the rest of the country. The capital of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin and the capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The population of Ireland in 2007 was estimated to be slightly over 6 million. 4.4 million of the people are in the Republic of Ireland and 1.75 million in Northern Ireland. The Dublin population is 1.7 million and the population of Belfast is 800,000. The island's area is 32,591 square miles.

A ring of mountains surrounds the low central plains. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil, which is in County Kerry. The longest river in Ireland is River Shannon which stretches 240 miles. Ireland's climate is a very mild Oceanic climate with very few extremes. There is frequently a soft rain falling.

There are only twenty-eight mammal species that are native to Ireland because it was so isolated from the rest of Europe after the ice age. There are about 400 species of birds many of which are migratory birds.

Around 9,000 years ago most of Ireland was covered in ice. At that time sea levels were much lower and both England and Ireland were part of a greater continental Europe. In 8,000 B.C. the first inhabitants came to Ireland. Somewhere between 4,500 and 4,000 B.C. the first agriculture came to Ireland consisting of sheep, goats, cattle and such.

The official languages of Ireland are English and Irish Gaelic. Irish Gaelic is mstly spoken in areas along the western seaboard.

Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth are circular tunnel tombs in Boyne Valley Ireland. For more information on these fascinating tombs you can visit http://www.knowth.com/ and find more information.
Ireland's flag:
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Northern Ireland will use either the above flag or the below flag which is the flag of the United Kingdom.
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Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom thus they use the United Kingdoms Flag.

Scotland:
Scotland is part of the United Kingdom but it has its own Parliament.

The official language of Scotland is English but Scottish Gaelic is spoken primarily in the North and West of Scotland.
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Scotland's flag:
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Wales:

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Wales' flag:
The official languages of Wales are English and Welsh.

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England:
England's official language is English.
England's flag:
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Gaelic:


Gaelic is a language spoken by the Celtic people. Not many people still speak Gaelic but many older people in places of Celtic oriins still speak Gaelic along with the country's official language. Depending on where you are Gaelic will be pronounced differently.

Some Gaelic proverbs:
Gaelic: Ceileann searc ainimh ’s locht.
Translation: Love is blind.

Gaelic: Aithníonn ciaróg ciaróg eile.
Translation: One beetle recognises another.
Meaning: It takes one to know one.

Gaelic: Dúirt bean liom go ndúirt bean léi.
Translation: A woman told me that a woman told her ...
Meaning: Don’t believe everything you are told. It may be just gossip.

Gaelic: Na bac le mac an bhacaigh, agus ní bhacaigh mac an bhacaigh leat.
Translation: Don’t bother the beggar’s son and the beggar’s son won’t bother you.
Meaning: Mind your own business and let others mind theirs.